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Susan Castilloveitia v. Physician Associates

November 11, 2011

SUSAN CASTILLOVEITIA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
PHYSICIAN ASSOCIATES, LLC, DEFENDANT.



REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT:

This cause came on for consideration, without oral argument, on the following motion:

MOTION: JOINT MOTION FOR APPROVAL OF SETTLEMENT AND MOTION TO DISMISS THE CASE WITH PREJUDICE, AND SUPPORTING MEMORANDUM OF LAW (Doc. No. 20)

THEREON it is RECOMMENDED that the motion be GRANTED.

Plaintiff and Defendant jointly move (the "Motion") the Court to approve their settlement agreement (the "Agreement") pursuant to the Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA") and to dismiss the case with prejudice. Doc. No. 20. In Lynn's Food Stores, Inc. v. United States Department of Labor, 679 F.2d 1350, 1352-53 (11th Cir. 1982), the Eleventh Circuit addressed the means by which an FLSA settlement may become final and enforceable:

[t]here are only two ways in which back wage claims arising under the FLSA can be settled or compromised by employees. First, under section 216(c), the Secretary of Labor is authorized to supervise payment to employees of unpaid wages owed to them. . . . The only other route for compromise of FLSA claims is provided in the context of suits brought directly by employees against their employer under section 216(b) to recover back wages for FLSA violations. When employees bring a private action for back wages under the FLSA, and present to the district court a proposed settlement, the district court may enter a stipulated judgment after scrutinizing the settlement for fairness.

Thus, unless the parties have the Secretary of Labor supervise the payment of unpaid wages owed or obtain the Court's approval of the settlement agreement, the parties' agreement is unenforceable. Id. See also Sammons v. Sonic-North Cadillac, Inc., 2007 WL 2298032 at *5 (M.D. Fla. Aug. 7, 2007) (noting that settlement of FLSA claim in arbitration proceeding is not enforceable under Lynn's Foods because it lacked Court approval or supervision by Secretary of Labor). Before approving an FLSA settlement, the court must scrutinize it to determine if it is "a fair and reasonable resolution of a bona fide dispute." Id. at 1354-55. If the settlement reflects a reasonable compromise over issues that are actually in dispute, the Court may approve the settlement. Id. at 1354.

In determining whether the settlement is fair and reasonable, the Court should consider the following factors:

(1) the existence of collusion behind the settlement;

(2) the complexity, expense, and likely duration of the litigation;

(3) the stage of the proceedings and the amount of discovery completed;

(4) the probability of plaintiff's success on the merits;

(5) the range of possible recovery; and

(6) the opinions of counsel.

See Leverso v. South Trust Bank of Ala. Nat. Assoc., 18 F. 3d 1527, 1531 n. 6 (11th Cir. 1994); Hamilton v. Frito-Lay, Inc., No. 6:05-cv-1592-Orl-22JGG, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10287, at *2-3, (M.D. Fla. January 8, 2007). The Court should be mindful of the strong presumption in favor of finding a ...


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