THIS MATTER is before the court on Plaintiff's Motion for Award of Attorney Fees and Costs (Doc. 24), and Defendant's response in opposition (Doc. 28). By his motion, Plaintiff seeks an award of attorney's fees totaling $19,075.00, and costs and expenses totaling $1,500.00, as the prevailing party in this action. Plaintiff files affidavits and time records in support of his position. See (Docs. 24-1 through 24-4). In response, Defendant, Specialized Loan Servicing, LLC, urges that while it does not contest the Plaintiff's entitlement to attorney fees, the simple and straightforward nature of this suit and the minimal results obtained do not support the exorbitant fee sought here. Defendant does not challenge the $350.00 hourly rate by counsel, but rather maintains that 54.5 hours spent on this case is excessive where the parties conducted minimal discovery, engaged in no motion practice regarding discovery or summary judgment matters, and the billing records reveal time spent on other cases. (Doc. 28).
A brief procedural history serves useful. This litigation was initiated in August 2010 by the filing of a two-count Complaint by Plaintiff, Benjamin Amaro, against Specialized Loan Servicing, LLC, ("SLS") and Does I, II, and III, whom Plaintiff alleges are individuals who created, approved, directed and/or participated in the collection practices complained of and who were acting within the scope of their employment and agency with SLS. By his complaint, Plaintiff alleged violations under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1692, et. seq. ("FDCPA"). (Doc. 1). Defendant filed a motion to dismiss Plaintiff's complaint (Doc. 2) and thereafter Plaintiff filed, pursuant to agreement with Defendant, his First Amended Complaint (Doc. 8). Count I of Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint seeks statutory damages, attorney's fees, and costs for Defendant's violation of the FDCPA, 15 U.S.C. § 1692e, in attempting to collect a debt that had been discharged in bankruptcy. (Doc. 8 at 8-9). Count II seeks statutory damages, attorney's fees, and costs against SLS for alleged violation of 15 U.S.C. § 1692g due to Defendant's failure to send a timely "g" notice.*fn1
Defendant filed its Answer in November 2010 denying the majority of Plaintiff's allegations and raising seven affirmative defenses. (Doc. 14). The parties submitted a joint Case Management Report and thereafter the court entered its scheduling order setting the trial on the court's January 2012 trial calendar and ordering the parties to mediate by March 18, 2011. (Docs. 13, 15). According to Defendant, no additional motion practice was conducted prior to the case settling. Based upon my review of the docket, this appears to be the case.
As for discovery, Plaintiff served discovery requests to the Defendant. No discovery was propounded to Plaintiff, nor were any depositions taken. A mediation conference was conducted March 11, 2011, and the case was settled except for the issue of reasonable attorney's fees which was to be submitted for the court's determination. (Doc. 19). The mediator's report states, "[t]he case has been completely settled subject to the Court's determination of reasonable attorneys' fees." Id. at 1. Plaintiff filed a notice of accepting Defendant's Offer of Judgment/Proposal for Settlement, along with a copy of the Offer/Proposal. (Doc. 21). The Offer/Proposal, which was accepted by Plaintiff, was in the amount of $1,350.00, and included "any and all claimed damages arising from, or related to, the Plaintiff's claims against SLS as alleged in Plaintiff's Complaint and Amended Complaint in the herein matter, inclusive of costs." (Doc. 21-1, ¶ 1). By its offer, Defendant agreed "that Plaintiff is the prevailing party and is entitled to reasonable attorney's fees but may contest the amount requested." Id., ¶ 3. The Offer/Proposal further provided that Defendant "admits liability for the sole purposes of resolution of Plaintiff's claims sought in the above-captioned matter including the facts set forth in Plaintiff's Complaint and Amended Complaint in this matter, including any claim for costs, attorney fees, statutory penalties, damages and interest." Id., ¶ 5. The parties thereafter filed a notice advising the court that "[t]he parties agree and stipulate that Plaintiff is the prevailing party in this litigation and is entitled to reasonable attorney's fees." (Doc. 23, ¶ 1). After the parties' unsuccessful efforts to resolve the issue of the amount of reasonable attorney's fees owed to Plaintiff, the instant motion was filed.
The starting point in determining reasonable attorney fees is the lodestar, which is calculated by multiplying the hours reasonably expended by a reasonable hourly rate. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983); Norman v. Hous. Auth. of Montgomery, 836 F.2d 1292 (11th Cir. 1988). "[A] reasonable hourly rate is the prevailing market rate in the relevant legal community for similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skills, experience, and reputation." Duckworth v. Whisenant, 97 F.3d 1393, 1396 (11th Cir. 1996) (quoting Norman, 836 F.2d at 1299). In determining the reasonableness of hours expended, it is appropriate for the court to exclude excessive, redundant, and unnecessary hours; hours which are inadequately documented; and hours which would be unreasonable for an attorney to bill the client or opposing counsel in the exercise of good billing judgment. The lodestar, as calculated under Hensley, presumptively includes consideration of the so-called Johnson factors. See Norman, 836 F.2d at 1299. In Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc., 488 F.2d 714 (5th Cir. 1974), the court set out twelve factors to be considered in determining the reasonableness of fees: (1) the time and labor required; (2) the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved; (3) the skill required to perform the legal services properly; (4) the preclusion of other employment due to acceptance of the case; (5) the customary fee; (6) whether the fee is fixed or contingent; (7) the time limitations imposed by the client or other circumstances; (8) the amount involved and the results obtained; (9) the experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys; (10) the undesirability of the case; (11) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and (12) awards in similar cases. Id. at 717-19. The manner in which the Johnson factors influence an award of fees must be elucidated by the court. See In re Celotex Corp., 227 F.3d 1336, 1341 (11th Cir. 2000); NAACP v. City of Evergreen, Ala., 812 F.2d 1332, 1336 (11th Cir. 1987) (quoting King v. McCord, 621 F.2d 205, 206 (5th Cir. 1980)).
As noted above, the parties stipulated that Plaintiff is the prevailing party and is entitled to an award of reasonable attorney's fees. The lodestar method for calculating reasonable attorney fees requires a determination of the reasonable hourly rate. Plaintiff seeks an hourly rate of $350.00 per hour.*fn2 By its response, Defendant does not challenge the hourly rate sought by Plaintiff's counsel.*fn3 Accordingly, the issue remaining for the court's consideration is the reasonableness of the 54.5 hours billed by Plaintiff's trial counsel.
The individual primarily involved in working on the case was lead counsel, Donald E. Petersen, who seeks compensation for 54.5 hours of work. Plaintiff is not seeking recovery for the time spent by other individuals (identified as NB and DNB) who appear to have also worked on the matter on behalf of Plaintiff. According to the affidavit and time records submitted, this represents an exclusion of 13.4 hours of work performed by these individuals. See (Doc. 24-1, n.1; 24-2 at 6). In total, Plaintiff seeks $19,075.00 in fees under the lodestar.*fn4
Defendant objects to the number of hours billed by counsel, urging 54.5 hours is excessive, particularly where, as here, the recovery was minimal. Defendant posits that this was a simple case which does not warrant the amount of fees sought. There was very little actual litigation and Defendant suggests much of the work generated was standard, form-driven documents. In that regard, Defendant points to counsel's own affidavit which reflects the use of form documents in FDCPA cases, many of which he authored. Defendant cites several cases for the proposition that courts in the Eleventh Circuit routinely reduce the amount of fees sought by attorneys in FDCPA cases.*fn5
Defendant further contends that the billing records reveal entries for unrelated matters and otherwise excessive "reviewing and analyzing," "drafting notes," and "evaluating strategy." Lastly, Defendant urges that it is appropriate for the court to consider the amount of damages at issue and the results obtained, and in considering those factors, the Plaintiff's recovery of the one thousand dollar statutory amount is vastly disproportionate to counsel's requests for fees and costs in excess of twenty thousand dollars.
After considerable and detailed examination of the billing records, I conclude that there is some evidence of excessive time spent drafting, reviewing and revising discovery; excessive time spent drafting and reviewing certain pleadings; and time billed for clerical tasks. Thus, some reduction in the total number of hours expended is appropriate. "When a district court finds the number of hours claimed is unreasonably high, the court has two choices: it may conduct an hour-by-hour analysis or it may reduce hours with an across-the-board cut." Bivens v. Wrap It Up, Inc., 548 F.3d 1348, 1350 (11th Cir. 2008). Here, I have applied an hour-by-hour approach bringing my best judgment to the respective positions of the parties.
By my consideration the following reductions in the hours requested is appropriate: for June 26, 2010, .5 should be excluded from the five "fact investigation" entries as being excessive and for including tasks that are clerical in nature;*fn6 for July 28, 2010, hours should be reduced from .4 to .1 for excessive time spent on preparation of civil cover sheet and for including clerical tasks; for September 29, 2010, three research entries should be reduced by a total of 1.0 hours due to excessive time spent by experienced lead trial counsel on legal research matters; for September 29, 2010, hours should be reduced from 2.9 to 1.5 due to block billing, including excessive review of pleadings and drafting of memo where no pleading was ever filed by Plaintiff in opposition to the motion to dismiss; for September 30, 2010, hours should be reduced from .8 to .5 due to block billing, where no pleading was filed in response to motion to dismiss; for October 5, 2010, hours should be reduced from .8 to .5 for excessive time spent on motion for extension of time; for October 19, 2010, hours should be reduced from 2.1 to 1.5 due to excessive time spent drafting and editing Amended Complaint where the same causes of action are being asserted as in the initial pleading; December 6, 2010, hours should be reduced from .5 to .3 for excessive time spent preparing a notice of mediation and time was already billed on the same day for this task; for January 5, 2011, hours should be reduced by .2 due to being repetitive and excessive review of pleadings where there are three separate entries for the task on the same day; for January 5, 2011, hours should be reduced by .7 for excessive time spent on drafting requests for admissions; for January 10, 2011, ...