This cause comes before the Court on Defendant's Motion to Dismiss. (Doc. No. 40). Plaintiff opposes the motion. (Doc. No. 44).
In deciding a motion to dismiss, the district court is required to view the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. See Murphy v. Federal Deposit Ins. Corp., 208 F.3d 959, 962 (11th Cir. 2000)(citing Kirby v. Siegelman, 195 F.3d 1285, 1289 (11th Cir. 1999)). The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not require a claimant to set out in detail the facts upon which he bases his claim. Instead, Rule 8(a)(2) requires a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief in order to give the defendant fair notice of what the claim is and the grounds upon which it rests. See Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964 (2007)(citation omitted). As such, a plaintiff is required to allege "more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Id. at 1965 (citation omitted). While the Court must assume that all of the allegations in the complaint are true, dismissal is appropriate if the allegations do not "raise [the plaintiff's] right to relief above the speculative level." Id. (citation omitted). The standard on a 12(b)(6) motion is not whether the plaintiff will ultimately prevail in his or her theories, but whether the allegations are sufficient to allow the plaintiff to conduct discovery in an attempt to prove the allegations. See Jackam v. Hospital Corp. of Am. Mideast, Ltd., 800 F.2d 1577, 1579 (11th Cir. 1986).
Prior to this lawsuit, Plaintiff Abraham Awwad had medical staff privileges at Defendant Largo Medical Center, Inc. ("LMC"). In his original complaint, Plaintiff asserted four claims against LMC relating to LMC's revocation and failure to renew his staff privileges, including a damages claim for LMC's alleged breaches of the medical staff bylaws. (Doc. No. 1). LMC moved to dismiss the complaint, and the Court granted the motion as to Plaintiff's damages claim for LMC's alleged breaches of the bylaws. Specifically, the Court found that because Plaintiff's breach of bylaws claim related to the peer review process, and because peer review immunity (as set forth in Florida Statute § 395.0193(5)) provided immunity for LMC from monetary damages for actions taken without intentional fraud, Plaintiff had not sufficiently alleged a damages claim for the alleged breaches of the bylaws. (Doc. No. 21).
Thereafter, Plaintiff moved to amend the complaint in order to add a fraud claim and to re-assert his claim for damages based on LMC's alleged breaches of the bylaws and new allegations of intentional fraud. The Court granted the motion, stating:
[T]he Court has now found that Plaintiff has sufficiently alleged in his proposed complaint that LMC engaged in intentional fraud with respect to the missing medical reports for Patient Y and with respect to the applicable bylaws. Therefore, to the extent that such conduct also constituted a breach of the bylaws (i.e., the appointment of a non-staff member to the ad hoc peer review committee), Plaintiff may pursue a breach of bylaws claim and seek damages. However, to the extent that LMC breached the bylaws in a manner that did not involve such intentional fraud, the Court finds, as it did in its prior order, that such a claim would be barred by the peer review immunity statute. Accordingly, the Court grants Plaintiff's motion for leave to amend to the extent that Plaintiff may assert an amended damages claim for breach of the bylaws to the extent that the breach is based on LMC's allegedly fraudulent conduct. (Doc. No. 35, p. 4).
Thereafter, Plaintiff filed an amended complaint. (Doc. No. 39). In response, LMC filed the instant motion to dismiss Count IV, which is Plaintiff's amended claim for damages for breaches of the bylaws.
In Count IV of the amended complaint, Plaintiff alleges a claim for damages based on the following four breaches of the bylaws: First, Plaintiff contends that LMC's fraudulent failure to disclose the full records of Patient Y during his review violated section 7.1 of the bylaws, which states, in part: "Professional review actions are taken . . . after a reasonable effort to obtain the facts of the matter, and in reasonable belief that the action is warranted by facts . . . ." (Doc. No. 39, ¶ 88-89, 34-44). Second, Plaintiff contends that the appointment of Dr. Ramamurthy to the 2010 Hearing Panel violated section 188.8.131.52 of the bylaws, which states that all of the members of the panel shall be members of the medical staff. (Doc. No. 39, ¶ 89, 90, 94-95). Third, Plaintiff contends that the appointment of Dr. Requena to the 2010 Hearing Panel violated section 184.108.40.206 of the bylaws, which states that no member may serve on the panel if they had previously acted as a fact finder in the matter. (Doc. No. 39, ¶ 89, 90-93). Fourth, Plaintiff contends that LMC breached the bylaws by failing to follow the disciplinary steps outlined therein. (Doc. No. 39, ¶ 89, 96-113).
LMC contends that Count IV should be dismissed, because it is not properly pled.
Specifically, LMC argues that: (1) to the extent that Count IV is based on LMC's appointment of Dr. Requena to the panel, there are not sufficient allegations of intentional fraud to withstand peer review immunity; (2) to the extent that Count IV is based on LMC's failure to follow the bylaws' disciplinary steps, there are not sufficient allegations of intentional fraud to withstand peer review immunity; and (3) due to those previously described failures, the Court should dismiss with prejudice Count IV in its entirety. Accordingly, the Court will address each argument.
A. Appoint of Dr. Requena to the Panel
LMC argues that to the extent that Count IV is based on LMC's appointment of Dr. Requena to the 2010 Hearing Panel, there are not sufficient allegations of intentional fraud to withstand peer review immunity. ...