Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Sanchez v. City of Pembroke Pines

United States District Court, S.D. Florida

November 20, 2017

JIMMY R. SANCHEZ, JR., Plaintiff,
v.
CITY OF PEMBROKE PINES, FLORIDA, Defendant.

          ORDER GRANTING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION

          BETH BLOOM, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         THIS CAUSE is before the Court upon Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration, ECF No. [74] (“the Motion”). In its Motion, Plaintiff argues that genuine issues of material fact regarding the clarity of the City's rehiring procedures preclude summary judgment as to Plaintiff's failure to rehire claims under the FMLA and ADA. See ECF No. [74] at 2. In opposition, the City argues that the authority cited by Plaintiff is distinguishable from the undisputed facts presented by the parties on summary judgment. See ECF No. [88] at 4-7. The Court has carefully reviewed the Motion, all opposing and supporting materials, the record in this case and the applicable law, and is otherwise fully advised. For the reasons set forth below, the Motion is granted.

         A motion for reconsideration requests the Court to grant “an extraordinary remedy to be employed sparingly.” Burger King Corp. v. Ashland Equities, Inc., 181 F.Supp.2d 1366, 1370 (S.D. Fla. 2002). A party may not use a motion for reconsideration to “relitigate old matters, raise argument or present evidence that could have been raised prior to the entry of judgment.” Wilchombe v. TeeVee Toons, Inc., 555 F.3d 949, 957 (11th Cir. 2009) (quoting Michael Linet, Inc. v. Village of Wellington, Fla., 408 F.3d 757, 763 (11th Cir. 2005)). “This prohibition includes new arguments that were ‘previously available, but not pressed.' ” Id. (quoting Stone v. Wall, 135 F.3d 1438, 1442 (11th Cir. 1998) (per curiam) (motion to alter judgment properly denied where plaintiffs waited until after case was dismissed to raise argument that Virginia law applied, rather than Florida law).

         Within this framework, however, a court may grant reconsideration when there is (1) an intervening change in controlling law, (2) the availability of new evidence, and (3) the need to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice. See Hood v. Perdue, 300 Fed. App'x. 699, 700 (11th Cir. 2008). Thus, a motion to reconsider is “appropriate where, for example, the Court has patently misunderstood a party, or has made a decision outside the adversarial issues presented to the Court by the parties, or has made an error not of reasoning but of apprehension.” Kapila v. Grant Thornton, LLP, No. 14-61194-CIV, 2017 WL 3638199, at *1 (S.D. Fla. Aug. 23, 2017) (quoting Z.K. Marine Inc. v. M/V Archigetis, 808 F.Supp. 1561, 1563 (S.D. Fla. 1992) (internal quotation marks omitted).

         On reconsideration, Plaintiff argues that the Court improperly credited Defendant's assertion that the City maintained a formal and clear process through which Plaintiff could have sought rehire over Plaintiff's assertion that he was given insufficient information regarding the rehiring process. ECF No. [74] at 5-6. In support of this argument, Plaintiff brings to the Court's attention-for the first time-several Eleventh Circuit opinions which control the sufficiency of a failure to rehire claim where the employee never applied for the position in question. Id. at 2. These cases outline two exceptions to the general rule that to survive summary judgment, a plaintiff must demonstrate that he or she applied for the position that is the subject of the failure to rehire claim: the “informal processes” exception and the “futile gesture” exception. See Williams v. VWR Int'l, LLC, 685 F. App'x 885, 888 (11th Cir. 2017). Plaintiff argues that both exceptions apply to the facts here and that the Court should reverse its grant of summary judgment as to the rehire claims.

         The Eleventh Circuit has held that a hiring process advertising available positions only by “word of mouth” falls into the “informal process” exception, while jobs posted on a third party website but not an intra-company website in violation of company policy, do not fall into that exception. Cf. Carmichael v. Birmingham Saw Works, 738 F.2d 1126, 1133 (11th Cir. 1984) (noting that open positions were advertised based on “word of mouth”) and Cox v. Am. Cast Iron Pipe Co., 784 F.2d 1546, 1560 (11th Cir. 1986) (“The record indicates that the defendant did use informal application procedures.”) with Williams v. VWR Int'l, LLC, 685 Fed.Appx. 885, 888 (11th Cir. 2017) (finding Plaintiff did not fall into the “informal process” and the “futile gesture” exceptions). Here, the parties disagree about what steps Plaintiff was required to take to be rehired. ECF No. [72] at 14-16. For example, Chief Picarello testified at his deposition as follows:

Q: Okay. So just, I guess to get an understanding, if Jimmy Sanchez was to have been rehired, he would have had to do all the same exact training, same exact testing as a brand new recruit?
A: Yes.
Q: Okay. And would that be even though the fact that he was being rehired was due to a provision under the Collective Bargaining Agreement?
A: Yes.
Q: Okay. Now, my question to you now is, did this department have any type of protocols to be able to deal with a situation that specifically fell for this clause?
A: No.

ECF No. [51-2] at 6. Chief Hernandez also ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.