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Fracasse v. Amerigas Propane, Inc.

United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Ocala Division

December 12, 2017

DYLAN FRACASSE, Individually and on behalf of others similarly situated Plaintiff,


          PHILIP R.LAMMENS United States Magistrate Judge

         Upon referral, this Fair Labor Standards Act matter is before the Court on the parties' Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement Agreement. (Doc. 41). Thus, the Court must determine whether the settlement is a “fair and reasonable resolution of a bona fide dispute” over Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) issues. See Lynn's Food Stores, Inc. v. United States, 679 F.2d 1350, 1354-55 (11th Cir. 1982).

         I. Legal Standards

         If a settlement is not one supervised by the Department of Labor, the only other route for compromise of FLSA claims is provided in the context of suits brought directly by employees against their employer under section 216(b) to recover back wages for FLSA violations. “When employees bring a private action for back wages under the FLSA, and present to the district court a proposed settlement, the district court may enter a stipulated judgment after scrutinizing the settlement for fairness.” Id. at 1353 (citing Schulte, Inc. v. Gangi, 328 U.S. 108, 113 n.8 (1946)).

         The Eleventh Circuit has held that “[s]ettlements may be permissible in the context of a suit brought by employees under the FLSA for back wages because initiation of the action by the employees provides some assurance of an adversarial context.” Id. at 1354. In adversarial cases:

The employees are likely to be represented by an attorney who can protect their rights under the statute. Thus, when the parties submit a settlement to the court for approval, the settlement is more likely to reflect a reasonable compromise of disputed issues than a mere waiver of statutory rights brought about by an employer's overreaching. If a settlement in an employee FLSA suit does reflect a reasonable compromise over issues, such as FLSA coverage or computation of back wages that are actually in dispute; we allow the district court to approve the settlement in order to promote the policy of encouraging settlement of litigation.


         II. Discussion

         Under the parties' proposed Settlement Agreement (Doc. 41-1), Defendant will pay a total sum of $75, 000.00 to resolve this matter, to include the following: (1) $4, 625.00 to Alfredo Anderson, $1, 500.00 to Christopher Bilbro, $11, 250.00 to Dylan Fracasse, $5, 125.00 to George Medina, and $5, 000.00 to Yvan Mejia, minus applicable withholdings, attributable to wages; (2) the same respective amounts for liquidated damages and penalties associated with Plaintiffs' FLSA claims; (3) additional consideration totaling $5, 000.00 ($1, 000.00 to each Plaintiff), which together with Defendant's neutral reference covenant, is designated as additional, separate consideration for the general release, the confidentiality, the no-reemployment, and the non-disparagement provisions; and (4) $15, 000.00 to Plaintiffs' counsel for attorney's fees and costs. (Doc. 41-1 at ¶3). The parties, who were represented by counsel, agree that this is a fair and reasonable settlement and “will satisfy in full [Plaintiffs'] alleged damages under FLSA.” (Doc. 41 at 3).

         As to the general release, the confidentiality provision, the no-reemployment provision, and the non-disparagement provision (Doc. 41-1 at ¶¶4, 5, 11, 13, 14), I submit that these provisions do not render this agreement unreasonable. These provisions are supported by separate consideration (Doc. 41-1 at ¶3.4), along with Defendant's neutral reference covenant (Doc. 41-1 at ¶14.2). See Weldon v. Blackwoods Steakhouse, Inc., No. 6:14-cv-79-Orl-37TBS, 2014 WL 4385593, at *1 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 4, 2014) (approving settlement containing general release and non-disparagement agreement where the plaintiff received full compensation of FLSA claim and $100.00 in additional consideration for same); Smith v. Aramark Corp., No. 6:14-cv-409-Orl-22KRS, 2014 WL 5690488, at *4 (M.D. Fla. Nov. 4, 2014) (approving FLSA settlement agreement where plaintiff received full compensation and additional consideration for general release, confidentiality, and non-disparagement agreement); Middleton v. Sonic Brands L.L.C., No. 6:13-CV-386-ORL-18, 2013 WL 4854767, at *3 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 10, 2013) (when “substantial consideration” is paid to plaintiff beyond the amount arguably due under the FLSA, a general release “does not render the settlement unfair or unreasonable”).

         With respect to the agreed-to sum for attorney's fee and costs, the parties represent that they were negotiated separately from Plaintiffs' recovery. (Doc. 41 at 4; see Bonetti v. Embarq Mgmt.Co., Case No.: 6:07-cv-1335, 2009 WL 2371407 (M.D. Fla. Aug. 4, 2009)). Under the circumstances, I submit that the amount of $15, 000.00 for attorney's fees and costs appears to be reasonable.[2]

         III. Recommendation

         Accordingly, and upon due consideration, I RECOMMEND that the Court GRANT the parties' joint motion for approval of the settlement agreement (Doc. 41), as it is a fair ...

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