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Oakwood Insurance Co. v. North American Risk Services, Inc.

United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Orlando Division

July 11, 2018




         This Matter comes before the Court without a hearing on the Defendant's (“NARS”) Motion to Dismiss (Doc. 8) and the Plaintiff's Response in Opposition (Doc. 19).

         I. Background

         The Plaintiff filed its Complaint on February 14, 2018. Doc. 1. Count I alleges breach of Contract against NARS, Count II alleges negligence against NARS, and Count III alleges Negligent Misrepresentation against NARS. On March 9, 2018, NARS filed the Motion to Dismiss. Doc. 8. On April 5, 2018, the Plaintiff filed its Response in Opposition. Doc. 19.

         II. Legal Standards

         In ruling on a motion to dismiss, the Court must view the complaint in the light most favorable to the Plaintiff, see, e.g., Jackson v. Okaloosa County, Fla., 21 F.3d 1531, 1534 (11th Cir. 1994), and must limit its consideration to the pleadings and any exhibits attached thereto. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(c); see also GSW, Inc. v. Long County, Ga., 999 F.2d 1508, 1510 (11th Cir. 1993). The Court will liberally construe the complaint's allegations in the Plaintiff's favor. See Jenkins v. McKeithen, 395 U.S. 411, 421 (1969). However, “conclusory allegations, unwarranted factual deductions or legal conclusions masquerading as facts will not prevent dismissal.” Davila v. Delta Air Lines, Inc., 326 F.3d 1183, 1185 (11th Cir. 2003).

         In reviewing a complaint on a motion to dismiss under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), “courts must be mindful that the Federal Rules require only that the complaint contain ‘a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.' ” U.S. v. Baxter Intern., Inc., 345 F.3d 866, 880 (11th Cir. 2003) (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)). This is a liberal pleading requirement, one that does not require a plaintiff to plead with particularity every element of a cause of action. Roe v. Aware Woman Ctr. for Choice, Inc., 253 F.3d 678, 683 (11th Cir. 2001). However, a plaintiff's obligation to provide the grounds for his or her entitlement to relief requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 554-555 (2007). The complaint's factual allegations “must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level, ” id. at 555, and cross “the line from conceivable to plausible.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 680 (2009).

         III. Analysis

         A. Standing

         NARS first argues that Oakwood is a non-party to the subject contract and, as such, lacks standing to sue for Counts I, II, and III. Doc. 8 at 1. According to the allegations in the Complaint, Oakwood is a successor corporation that is the surviving entity to a merger, not an assignee. See Corp. Exp. Office Prod., Inc. v. Phillips, 847 So.2d 406, 414 (Fla. 2003) (explaining that no assignment was necessary “because in a merger, the two corporations in essence unite into a single corporate existence”). Taking Oakwood's allegations as true, Oakwood has standing to sue for Breach of Contract, Negligence, and Negligent Misrepresentation.[1]

         B. Indemnification

         Second, NARS argues that the Court should dismiss the complaint because “NARS was contractually indemnified from any claims by Oakwood's predecessor.” Doc. 8 at 1. The indemnification provision in the contract applies to third party claims, and does not shield NARS from a breach of contract claim by the other contracting party. NARS's contention is without merit and is rejected by the Court.

         C. Negligent Misrepresentation

         Finally, NARS argues that Oakwood's claim for negligent misrepresentation was insufficiently pled. Doc. 8 at 1. To recover on a claim of negligent misrepresentation, a plaintiff must establish: (1) a misrepresentation of a material fact; (2) lack of knowledge by the representor as to the truth or falsity of the representation, or circumstances under which he ought to have known of its falsity; (3) intent by the representor that the representation induce another to act on it; and (4) injury to the plaintiff as a result of acting in justifiable reliance on the misrepresentation. Postel Indus., Inc. v. Abrams Grp. Const., L.L.C., No. 6:11-cv-1179-ORL-28, 2012 WL 4194660, at *2 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 19, 2012). Under Florida law, negligent misrepresentation is considered tantamount to actual fraud. Ostreyko v. B.C. Morton Organization, Inc., 310 So.2d 316, 318 (Fla. 3d DCA 1975). As such, the stricter pleading requirements of Fed.R.Civ.P. 9(b) apply to the negligent misrepresentation claim. Postel Indus., Inc., 2012 ...

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