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United States v. Davanzo

United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Fort Myers Division

August 26, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
THOMAS DAVANZO

          ORDER [1]

          SHERI POLSTER CHAPPELL UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Before the Court is the United States' Motion for Reduction in Sentence Pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 35(b). (Doc. 238). Defendant Thomas Davanzo has not responded, and the time to do has expired. For the below reasons, the Court grants the motion.

         On November 8, 2016, the Court sentenced Davanzo to 121 months' imprisonment for wire fraud conspiracy and money laundering. (Doc. 109). This low-end Guidelines sentencing included a two-level departure under U.S.S.G § 5K1.1 motion for Davanzo's assistance in prosecuting a co-conspirator. The Court later reduced Davanzo's sentence again under Federal Rule Criminal Procedure 35(b) for his assistance with another co-conspirator. (Doc. 213). The Court gave a three-level reduction and sentenced Davanzo to 87 months' imprisonment on March 27, 2018. (Doc. 214). The Government moves again to reduce Davanzo's sentence another two levels and recommends a sentence of 70 months because of his substantial assistance in prosecuting four defendants in another mail fraud conspiracy.[2] (Doc. 237).

         Upon the Government's motion, a district court may reduce a sentence if the defendant provided substantial assistance. Fed. R. Crim. P. 35(b); United States v. Mora, 703 Fed.Appx. 836, 843 (11th Cir. 2017) (stating a court may reduce a sentence “only to reflect a defendant's subsequent, substantial assistance in the investigation or prosecution of another person” (quotation marks omitted)). The reduction may even occur more than one year after sentencing if the defendant's substantial assistance involved one of three circumstances:

(A) information not known to the defendant until one year or more after sentencing;
(B) information provided by the defendant to the government within one year of sentencing, but which did not become useful to the government until more than one year after sentencing; or
(C) information the usefulness of which could not reasonably have been anticipated by the defendant until more than one year after sentencing and which was promptly provided to the government after its usefulness was reasonably apparent to the defendant.

Fed. R. Crim. P. 35(b)(2). The court has discretion to grant or deny motions to reduce sentences. See United States v. Manella, 86 F.3d 201, 205 (11th Cir. 1996).

         Davanzo has again provided substantial assistance to merit a sentence reduction. Davanzo helped three federal agencies investigate and prosecute another wire fraud conspiracy involving losses over $511 million. He provided information on hundreds of documents related to the conspiracy, testified before the grand jury, and was prepared to testify at trial. And “[t]he government disclosed Davanzo's grand jury and proffered statements to the Kingston defendants, which contributed to those defendants pleading guilty.” (Doc. 238 at 3). And the Court will consider a reduction this late because Davanzo's information did not become useful until more than one year after the sentencing, as the Kingston defendants were not indicted until 2018. The Court thus finds a two-level reduction to be reasonable based on Davanzo's substantial assistance.

         This finding results in a total offense level of 27, a criminal history category of I, and a Sentencing Guidelines' range of 70 to 87 months. Based on this calculation, the Court finds a sentence of 70 months' imprisonment to be sufficient, but not greater than necessary, to comply with the purposes of sentencing. All other parts of Davanzo's sentence remain as originally imposed.

         Accordingly, it is now

         ORDERED:

         (1) The Government's Motion for Reduction in Sentence Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 35(b) (Doc. 238) is GRANTED.

         (2) The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to enter a second amended judgment reducing the sentence imposed to 70 months' imprisonment as to Defendant Thomas Davanzo, ...


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