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Dixon v. Bank of America, N.A.

United States District Court, S.D. Florida

October 1, 2019

ROY J. DIXON, JR. and BLANCHE L. DIXON, Plaintiffs,
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., as successor by merger to BAC HOME LOANS SERVICING, LP, Defendant.



          THIS CAUSE is before the Court upon Plaintiffs, Roy J. Dixon Jr. and Blanche L. Dixon's ("Plaintiffs") Motion for In Camera Review [DE 91] and Plaintiffs' Motion to Compel [DE 92]. These matters were referred to the undersigned by United States District Judge Kenneth A. Marra. See DE 71.


         On July 8, 2019, Plaintiffs issued a subpoena duces tecum to Fannie Mae. [DE 70-1]. Thereafter, Fannie Mae filed a Motion to Quash Subpoena [DE 70]. On August 9, 2019, the Court entered an Order Denying Federal National Mortgage Association's Motion to Quash Subpoena [DE 82]. The Court ordered that Fannie Mae produce documents responsive to Plaintiffs on or before August 20, 2019. Id. at p. 5. Fannie Mae, through its counsel, responded to the subpoena duces tecum by email on August 20, 2019. [DE 92, p. 1].


         On August 28, 2018, Plaintiffs filed their Motion for In Camera Review [DE 91]. Plaintiffs request that the Court conduct in camera review of the 118 redacted records produced to them by Fannie Mae and then find that Fannie May has "intentionally, engaged in discovery misconduct in willfully [sic] defiantly [sic] of the Court's August 9, 2019 Order." Id. at p. 1');">p. 1');">p. 1');">p. 1. Plaintiffs also request sanctions against Fannie Mae. Id. at p. 2.

         In response, Fannie Mae explains that it produced to Plaintiffs 183 pages of documents responsive to the subpoena. [DE 98, p. 1]. Fannie Mae contends that pages 52-170 were redacted in whole or in part because information regarding other loans has "no remote relevance to the issues in this civil proceeding." Id. at p. 2. Fannie Mae argues that it "has been truthful about the contents of the redacted documents and resents the Dixons' implication that it is lying to him [sic]" and states that it has no objection to the Court reviewing the documents in camera. Id. at p. 3. Finally, Fannie Mae argues that Plaintiffs, who are representing themselves pro se in this matter, "do not have the same incentives as licensed attorneys to preserve the confidentiality of hundreds of other consumers' financial information." Id.

         In reply, Plaintiffs first represent that Fannie Mae only emailed 170 pages of documents to them, so 13 pages must be missing. [DE 100, p. 1');">p. 1');">p. 1');">p. 1]. Next, Plaintiffs contend that Fannie Mae is covering up its mistake by claiming that its reference to "183 documents" in its Response [DE 98] was a scrivener's error. Id. at p. 2. Plaintiffs seek to "review the unredacted pages in camera with this Court to see whether the redacted information is relevant to the Plaintiffs' mortgage loan and should be, not be redacted." Id.

         As an initial matter, before Plaintiffs' motions were fully briefed, Fannie Mae emailed the documents for in camera review on September 6, 2019, and mailed the same documents to chambers on September 5, 2019. Fannie Mae should not have provided the documents to the undersigned's chambers before the Court had the opportunity to rule on Plaintiffs' Motion for In Camera Review. Generally, the Court will not review documents in camera unless it has first entered an Order requiring submission of documents for in camera review. This is because in camera review is time-consuming and is not always appropriate. However, in this specific case, where Fannie Mae is a non-party trying to quickly resolve the issue, where Plaintiffs are representing themselves pro se, and where Plaintiffs strongly distrust Fannie Mae, the Court finds it appropriate to grant Plaintiffs' Motion for In Camera Review and review the documents that have already been delivered.

         Thus, the sole substantive issue before the Court is whether the sections of the documents provided for in camera that were redacted in the copies provided to Plaintiffs are relevant to this case. Rule 26(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure defines the scope of discovery as "any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case," considering the importance of the issues at stake, the parties' relative access to relevant information, the parties' resources, the importance of the discovery, and whether the burden of the discovery outweighs the likely benefit. It is well established that the courts must employ a liberal standard in keeping with the purpose of the discovery rules. Fed.R.Civ.p. 26(b)(1).

         "The respondent bears the burden of establishing a lack of relevancy or some other basis for resisting production." Glatter v. MSC Cruises S.A., No. 18-62219-CIV, 2019 WL 1300896, at *2 (S.D. Fla. Feb. 7, 2019); see also Stolfat v. Equifax Info. Servs., LLC, No. 19-80428-CV, 2019 WL 3779778, at *3 (S.D. Fla. Aug. 12, 2019); Broadbandone, Inc. v., Inc., No. 12-80604-CIV, 2013 WL 12096358, at *1 (S.D. Fla. May 30, 2013); Dunkin' Donuts, Inc. v. Mary's Donuts, Inc., No. 01-0392-CIV-Gold, 2001 WL 34079319, *2 (S.D. Fla. Nov. 1, 2001). In other words, the respondent "must show either that the requested discovery (1) does not come within the broad scope of relevance as defined under Rule 26 or (2) is of such marginal relevance that the potential harm occasioned by discovery would far outweigh the ordinary presumption in favor of broad disclosure." Jeld-Wen, Inc. v. Nebula Glass Int'l, Inc., No. 05-60860-CIV, 2007 WL 1526649, at *2 (S.D. Fla. May 22, 2007) (citing Giardina v. Lockheed Martin Corp., No. Civ. A. 02-1030, 2003 WL 21276348 (E.D. La. May 30, 2003); Gober v. City of Leesburg, 197 F.R.D. 519 (M.D. Fla. 2000)).

         The Court has carefully reviewed the unredacted documents provided by Fannie Mae in camera and has also carefully reviewed the redacted version of the documents that Fannie Mae provided to chambers in response to a request from the Court. See DE 101. The Court finds that the redacted portions of the documents are irrelevant to the claims and defenses in this case. The documents appear to be one large report run by Fannie Mae, and the report clearly contains several different addresses from the same "pool number." Only one of the many addresses has any relationship to Plaintiffs. Fannie Mae has met its burden of establishing lack of relevance as to all but unredacted sections of the documents already provided to Plaintiffs. In other words, only certain sections of pages Bates-stamped 000052 and 00125 contain relevant information, and those sections were properly produced to Plaintiffs.


         On August 28, 2019, Plaintiffs also filed a Motion to Compel [DE 92]. According to Plaintiffs, Fannie Mae's document production consisted of "170 documents related to the plaintiffs' 2011 modification novation, and 118 of the documents are redacted and blotted out and concealed from the plaintiffs. ALL 170 documents has [sic] a red stamp at the bottom of each page as shown." Id. at p. 2. Plaintiffs and counsel for Fannie Mae conferred, and Plaintiffs did not accept Fannie Mae's counsel's representation that the redacted information related to other loans that were part of Plaintiffs' loan pool when Plaintiffs' loan was sold to Fannie Mae." Id. Counsel for Fannie Mae also represented to Plaintiffs that the "10 document requests" in Plaintiffs' subpoena did not request any payment records. Id. Plaintiffs request that the Court compel Fannie Mae to respond to all 17 ...

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