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In re Request for Judicial Assistance from National Court of Original Jurisdiction Number 68 In Buenos Aires, Argentina

United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Jacksonville Division

October 25, 2019

IN RE: REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE NATIONAL COURT OF ORIGINAL JURISDICTION NUMBER 68 IN BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA IN MATTER OF DIEGO OSCAR SANCHEZ SAINT BONNET V. ELI LILLY INTERAMERICA INC. S.A.

          ORDER

          MONTE C. RICHARDSON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         THIS CAUSE is before the Court on the United States of America's Application for Appointment of Commissioner Under 28 U.S.C. § 1782 (“Application”) (Doc. 1). For the reasons stated herein, the Application is due to be GRANTED.

         Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1782, the United States seeks an Order appointing United States Department of Justice Trial Attorney Katerina Ossenova as a Commissioner for purposes of gathering the requested evidence and taking all other necessary actions, including issuing necessary subpoenas and correspondence, to provide the assistance requested in the Letter of Request issued by the National Court of Original Jurisdiction Number 68 in Buenos Aires, Argentina (“Argentine Court”) regarding the matter of Diego Oscar Sanchez Saint Bonnet v. Eli Lilly Interamerica Inc. S.A., Foreign Reference Number 2395/2019, pursuant to the Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters.[1] In the Letter of Request, the Argentine Court has requested that the United States obtain certain documents and information from Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc. (Merrill Lynch), whose national subpoena processing office is located in Jacksonville, Florida, as to whether the defendant (Eli Lilly Interamerica Inc. Argentina Branch CUIT 30-60970398-5) issued in 2014, 95 shares of its company to the plaintiff (Sanchez Saint Bonnet Diego Oscar), indicating the value of the share granted at the time of granting, and as to whether the copy of the documents attached to the request match with those issued in said entity, to be used in the pending litigation of Diego Oscar Sanchez Saint Bonnet v. Eli Lilly Interamerica Inc. S.A., Foreign Reference Number 2395/2019.

         Section 1782 authorizes this Court to order the production of evidence for use in a foreign tribunal. Notably, the legislative history of 28 U.S.C. § 1782 reveals that it was drafted to assist foreign tribunals in resolving foreign disputes, and Congress intended to “strengthen the power of the district courts to respond to requests for international assistance.” In re Clerici, 481 F.3d 1324, 1331 (11th Cir. 2007). Pursuant to § 1782(a), the Court has “authority to grant a request for judicial assistance when the following four requirements are met”:

(1) the request must be made by a foreign or international tribunal, or by any interested person; (2) the request must seek evidence, whether it be the testimony or statement of a person or the production of a document or other thing; (3) the evidence must be for use in a proceeding in a foreign or international tribunal; and (4) the person from whom discovery is sought must reside or be found in the district of the district court ruling on the application for assistance.

Id. at 1331-32 (internal citations omitted).

         Here, the four statutory requirements are met. However, even when the requirements of § 1782 have been satisfied, the Court is not required to allow the discovery. In re Application of Consorcio Ecuatoriano de Telecomunicaciones S.A., 747 F.3d 1262, 1271 (11th Cir. 2014). Instead, the Court must consider several factors and exercise its discretion as to whether to permit the discovery. n re Clerici, 481 F.3d at 1334 (citing Intel Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., 542 U.S. 241, 264 (2004)). These factors are:

(1) whether “the person from whom discovery is sought is a participant in the foreign proceeding, ” because “the need for § 1782(a) aid generally is not as apparent as it ordinarily is when evidence is sought from a nonparticipant”; (2) “the nature of the foreign tribunal, the character of the proceedings underway abroad, and the receptivity of the foreign government or the court or agency abroad to U.S. federal-court judicial assistance”; (3) “whether the § 1782(a) request conceals an attempt to circumvent foreign proof-gathering restrictions or other policies of a foreign country or the United States”; and (4) whether the request is otherwise “unduly intrusive or burdensome.”

Id. at 1334 (quoting Intel, 542 U.S. at 264-65).

         All of these factors also support granting the Application. First, Merrill Lynch is not a party to the foreign litigation and would not be subject to discovery in the Argentine Republic. Second, the courts in the Argentine Republic appear receptive to U.S. court assistance by ratifying the Convention on the Taking Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters. Third, the request does not appear to attempt to circumvent foreign proof-gathering restrictions, and the Right to Financial Privacy Act, 12 U.S.C. § 3401 et seq., does not seem to apply to this request under § 1782. Finally, the request does not appear to be unduly intrusive or burdensome. Based on the foregoing, the Court finds that granting the Application would promote the twin aims of § 1782 by (1) providing an efficient means of assistance to foreign countries and (2) encouraging foreign countries by example to provide similar means of assistance to our courts. See Metallgesellschaft v. Hodapp, 121 F.3d 77, 79 (2d Cir. 1997).

         Accordingly, it is ORDERED:

         1. The Application (Doc. 1) is GRANTED.

         2. United States Department of Justice Trial Attorney Katerina Ossenova is hereby appointed as a Commissioner for the purpose of administering any necessary oaths, making any necessary certifications, issuing any necessary subpoenas, and taking all other necessary actions to provide the assistance requested in the Letter of Request issued by the Argentine Court regarding the matter of Diego Oscar Sanchez Saint Bonnet v. Eli Lilly Interamerica Inc. S.A., Foreign Reference Number 2395/2019.

         3. Merrill Lynch is ordered, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1782(a), to produce the documents directly to the United States Department of Justice, Civil Division, Office of Foreign Litigation, Office of International Judicial Assistance (OIJA) for transmission to ...


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