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United States v. Reynoso-Tomas

United States District Court, S.D. Florida

December 9, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
VIDAL REYNOSO-TOMAS, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION ON CHANGE OF PLEA

          SHANIEK M . MAYNARD UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.

         THIS CAUSE comes before me upon an Order of Reference. Having conducted a Change of Plea Hearing, I recommend to the District Court as follows:

1. I convened a hearing to permit the Defendant to change his plea in this criminal case on December 9, 2019. The hearing was translated to the Defendant by the Court's Spanish language interpreter. The Defendant indicated to me that he was able to understand what was being said to him throughout the hearing.
2. At the hearing's outset, I advised the Defendant of his right to have the District Judge assigned to this case conduct this proceeding. I advised the Defendant that I was conducting the Change of Plea Hearing at the request of the Defendant, the Defendant's attorney, and the Assistant United States Attorney assigned to this case. I advised the Defendant that the District Judge assigned to this case will be the sentencing judge, will make all findings and rulings concerning the Defendant's sentence, and will schedule and conduct the Sentencing Hearing.
3. I advised the Defendant that he did not have to permit me to conduct this hearing but could request a United States District Judge to conduct the Change of Plea Hearing instead. The Defendant, the Defendant's attorney, and the Assistant United States Attorney assigned to the case all agreed on the record and consented to have a United States Magistrate Judge conduct the Change of Plea Hearing.
4. I conducted the plea colloquy in accordance with the outline set forth in the Bench Book for District Judges.
5. There is a written plea agreement in this case. The Defendant acknowledged that the plea agreement was read to him in its entirety by a Spanish speaking interpreter. The Defendant acknowledged that he understands the plea agreement and signed the plea agreement.
6. The Defendant pleaded guilty to the sole count of the Indictment. The Indictment charges the Defendant with being an alien who was previously deported or removed from the United States on or about June 14, 2013; who later returned to the United States knowingly and unlawfully; who was found back in the United States without the express consent of the Attorney General of the United States or his successor, the Secretary of Homeland Security (18 U.S.C. §§ 202(3), 202(4) and 557); without applying for re-admission into the United States; in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) and (b)(1). The Defendant stated that he understood the charge against him.
7. The possible maximum penalties that the Defendant was facing were announced on the record. The Defendant acknowledged his understanding of the possible maximum penalty that could be imposed against him in this case. I advised the Defendant of the possibility of the Defendant's deportation after sentencing as an additional consequence of his guilty plea in this case. The Defendant acknowledged that his attorney has answered his questions concerning his possible deportation.
8. The parties submitted a written Stipulation of Facts and Acknowledgment of Offense Elements in Support of the Guilty Plea ("Stipulation"), which was signed by counsel for the Government, counsel for the Defendant, and the Defendant. The Stipulation was read into the record and translated to the Defendant by a Spanish language interpreter. The Defendant acknowledged that he has had the opportunity to fully discuss it with his attorney. The Defendant further acknowledged that he completely understands the Stipulation and agreed that it accurately sets forth the facts in his case as he understands them to be. I find that the Stipulation sets forth all of the essential elements of the crime to which the Defendant is pleading guilty.
9. Based on the foregoing and the plea colloquy that I conducted, I find that the Defendant enters his guilty plea freely and voluntarily. I accept his guilty plea and recommend to the District Court that it adjudicate him guilty of the offense charged in the Indictment.
10. The United States Probation Office will conduct a pre-sentence investigation and will issue a report for sentencing purposes. The Sentencing Hearing is set for Friday, February 14, 2020 at 9:00 am before Chief District Judge K. Michael Moore at the United States Courthouse, 1010 South U.S. Highway One, Courtroom #4008, Fort Pierce, Florida 34950.

         ACCORDINGLY, I recommend to the District Court that the Defendant's guilty plea be accepted; that the Defendant be adjudicated guilty of the offense to which he pleads guilty; and that a Sentencing Hearing be conducted for final disposition of this case.

         The parties shall have fourteen (14) days from the date of this Report and Recommendation within which to file objections, if any, with the Honorable K. Michael Moore, the United States District Judge assigned to this case. Pursuant to Rule 59(b)(2), Fed.R.Crim.P., the failure to file a timely objection to this Report and Recommendation waives the party's right to ...


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