United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Tampa Division
JUDGMENT IN A CIVIL CASE
by Court. This action came before the Court and a
decision has been rendered.
IS ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that judgment is entered
against Byron Jamaal Brown.
Orders: Courts of Appeals have jurisdiction
conferred and strictly limited by statute:
Appeals from final orders pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
Section 1291: Only final orders and judgments of
district courts, or final orders of bankruptcy courts which
have been appealed to and fully resolved by a district court
under 28 U.S.C. Section 158, generally are appealable. A
final decision is one that “ends the litigation on the
merits and leaves nothing for the court to do but execute the
judgment.” Pitney Bowes, Inc. v. Mestre, 701
F.2d 1365, 1368 (11th Cir. 1983). A magistrate judge's
report and recommendation is not final and appealable until
judgment thereon is entered by a district court judge. 28
U.S.C. Section 636(c).
In cases involving multiple parties or multiple
claims, a judgment as to fewer than all parties or
all claims is not a final, appealable decision unless the
district court has certified the judgment for immediate
review under Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(b), Williams v. Bishop,
732 F.2d 885, 885-86 (11th Cir. 1984). A judgment which
resolves all issues except matters, such as attorneys'
fees and costs, that are collateral to the merits, is
immediately appealable. Budinich v. Becton Dickinson
& Co., 486 U.S. 196, 201, 108 S.Ct. 1717, 1721-22,
100 L.Ed.2d 178 (1988); LaChance v. Duffy's Draft
House, Inc., 146 F.3d 832, 837 (11th Cir. 1998).
Appeals pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section
1292(a): Appeals are permitted from orders
“granting, continuing, modifying, refusing or
dissolving injunctions or refusing to dissolve or modify
injunctions...” and from “[i]nterlocutory
decrees...determining the rights and liabilities of parties
to admiralty cases in which appeals from final decrees are
allowed.” Interlocutory appeals from orders denying
temporary restraining orders are not permitted.
Fed.R.App.P.5:The certification specified in 28
U.S.C. Section 1292(b) must be obtained before a petition for
permission to appeal is filed in the Court of Appeals. The
district court's denial of a motion for certification is
not itself appealable.
Appeals pursuant to judicially created exceptions to
the finality rule:Limited exceptions are discussed
in cases including, but not limited to: Cohen V.
Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 546, 69
S.Ct. 1221, 1225-26, 93 L.Ed. 1528 (1949); Atlantic Fed.
Sav. & Loan Ass'n v. Blythe Eastman Paine Webber,
Inc., 890 F.2d 371, 376 (11th Cir. 1989); Gillespie
v. United States Steel Corp., 379 U.S. 148, 157, 85
S.Ct. 308, 312, 13 L.Ed.2d 199 (1964).
Time for Filing: The timely filing
of a notice of appeal is mandatory and jurisdictional.
Rinaldo v. Corbett, 256 F.3d 1276, 1278 (11th Cir.
2001). In civil cases, Fed.R.App.P.4(a) and (c) set the
following time limits:
Fed.R.App.P. 4(a)(1): A notice of appeal in
compliance with the requirements set forth in Fed.R.App.P. 3
must be filed in the district court within 30 days after the
entry of the order or judgment appealed from. However, if the
United States or an officer or agency thereof is a party, the
notice of appeal must be filed in the district court within
60 days after such entry. THE NOTICE MUST BE RECEIVED
AND FILED IN THE DISTRICT COURT NO LATER THAN THE LAST DAY OF
THE APPEAL PERIOD - no additional days are provided for
mailing. Special filing provisions for inmates are
Fed.R.App.P. 4(a)(3): “If one party
timely files a notice of appeal, any other party may file a
notice of appeal within 14 days after the date when the first
notice was filed, or within the time otherwise prescribed by
this Rule 4(a), whichever period ends later.”
Fed.R.App.P.4(a)(4): If any party makes a
timely motion in the district court under the Federal Rules
of Civil Procedure of a type specified in this rule, the time
for appeal for all parties runs from the date of entry of the
order disposing of the last such timely filed motion.
Fed.R.App.P.4(a)(5) and 4(a)(6): Under
certain limited circumstances, the district court may extend
the time to file a notice of appeal. Under Rule 4(a)(5), the
time may be extended if a motion for an extension is filed
within 30 days after expiration of the time otherwise
provided to file a notice of appeal, upon a showing of
excusable neglect or good cause. Under Rule 4(a)(6), the time
may be extended if the district court finds upon motion that
a party did not timely receive notice of the entry of the
judgment or order, and that no party would be prejudiced by
Fed.R.App.P.4(c): If an inmate confined to
an institution files a notice of appeal in either a civil
case or a criminal case, the notice of appeal is timely if it
is deposited in the institution's internal mail system on
or before the last day for filing. Timely filing may be shown
by a declaration in compliance with 28 U.S.C. Section 1746 or
a notarized statement, ...